The search of the necessary information for the elaboration of the bibliographical revision will consist of the scientific article reading, as well as books, teses of after - graduation, mestrado doutorado including research in sites official and specialized in psychology with the intention to deepen the vision of the psychological aspects of the mother of the baby, this syndrome and it uses variations. On the data removed in psychiatry, I intend to use them in order to know of the medical point of view and the physical aspects of the syndrome and its nivelaes and to know the possible physical consequences that will be able to suffer or a baby whose mother suffered from the depression after-childbirth. To deepen the question depression after-childbirth bringing its main physical and psychic aspects and social and personal factors that influence in its desencadeamento and the consequences in the construction of the mother paper. Beyond one it cuts ampler theoretician and to interdisciplinar that he will include the origin of the risk factors, the amplitude of the protection factors and the situations and facts that raise the vulnerability of this woman to suffer from the depression after? childbirth. MODERN WOMAN AND the DEPRESSION AFTER - CHILDBIRTH Not it is recent that the woman - this occurred especially with the favored women of social classroom less - concomitantly assumes the role of mother and caretaker of the home with the not domestic tasks, assisting to support its family financially. By the same author: Reade Griffith. According to Kitzinger (1978): The ruling classes that reinventam the maternity as exclusive feminine vocation are in absolute contradiction with the concrete reality: many women work in century XIX. difcies must assume its maternity in the conditions more. In the distance she is immense between the ideal and described dream of mother educator, consecrated in integral time and its children, and the daily life of the mothers of the modest origin (p.210).